Papaitan / Pinapaitan Recipe
Papaitan, also called Pinapaitan, is an exotic soup dish with a bitter taste. Papaitan was derived from the Ilocano word "pait" or "napait" which means "bitter" or "bitter taste", respectively. There are many ways to produce the bitter taste in this dish like using the skin of the lemon fruit, juice of a bitter melon, bile of a fish, or coffee. In our particular recipe, we use the bitterness coming from the "goat" or "beef" bile. In Ilocos region where the ultra exotic and authentic papaitan can be found, the bitter juice extracted from the animal's bladder or by squishing the grass in the goat's stomach is used. Some folks don't like the bitter taste of this dish so they try to alter the "bitter taste" into "sour taste". Although this will also alter the very definition of papaitan, what they do is they sour the dish with sampalok, kamias, santol, sinigang mix flavoring, or extracted juice of tamarind.
Papaitan is one of the famous dishes of the Ilocanos which consist of different goat or beef innards such as tripe, liver, kidney, intestine, pancreas, and heart. Originally, the goat innards were used for this dish but because of the introduction of cooking variation and substitution, beef innards were also used used.
It was believed that this dish already existed among the Ilocanos before the coming of the Spaniards. History tells that the Spaniards were not much successful in their conquest of Ilocos region and because of this, they were not able to teach the Ilocanos most of their ways of cooking. The Ilocanos were the first ethic group to revolt against the Spanish rule in the Philippines, declaring Pedro Almazan as their "apo" or supreme leader. Series of Ilocano revolts followed under the leadership of Diego Silang and his famous wife, Gabriela. Papaitan, therefore, is one of the most authentic Filipino recipes long before Spain colonized the Philippines.
- 1/2 kilo following beef innards; cut in 1" cube
- 1 cup beef tenderloin; cut in 1/2" cubes
- 1/4 cup bile
- 1 onion; minced
- 4 cloves garlic; minced
- 1 head ginger; minced
- 1/4 cup onion leaves
- 5 Philippine bird's eye peppers (siling labuyo)
- Salt and pepper
- Fish sauce
Ingredients for cleaning and boiling the innards
- 1 lemon; sliced(optional)
- 8 kalamansi; sliced (optional)
- Banana leaves (optional)
- 1 ginger root; crushed
Papaitan Cooking Instructions
- Wash and mash the raw innards with salt and banana leaves to get rid of the odor.
- When cleaned, boil in a large kettle with ginger and lemon or kalamasi until tender. Cut into 1/2 inch cubes/lengths. Set aside.
- Saute ginger, garlic, and onion. When onion appears translucent, drop the beef innards.
- Spice with salt and pepper and continue sautéing until enough broth comes out from the innards. Pour enough water to cover the mixture.
- Bring to a boil and then drop the beef tenderloin. Stew the mixture until cooked, then drop the siling labuyo.
- Add bile little by little, drop by drop, (be careful not to over bitter taste) and adjust seasoning with fish sauce according to taste.
- Serve hot in a bowl and garnish with chopped onion leaves.
- To make it healthy and if you have the time, cook the papaitan long before you intend to serve. Let it cool, then refrigerate. All the fat will solidify, and you can easily scrape it from the surface. The taste will not change, it will even improve as the meat and all the condiments will have blended so well in the broth already.
- Stewing the mixture in low fire for long hours until it becomes yellowish in color will bring the best result.
- Calamansi juice will further enhance the taste. And if you want a stronger pepper aroma but not the spice, put some chopped siling haba.
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Put the bitter melon in a blender and liquify, the squeez it in place of (BILE)
ingat lang at gout ang aabutin natin diyan...hheheheheh
kapag nagluluto ang tatay ng papaitan eh halos kalahating araw nya pinapakuluuan sa kalang de uling. hangang sa lumambot na sya na parang gulaman at manilaw nilaw na ang sabaw.saka nya titimplahan..
wla pa akong nakain na katulad ng papaitan ng tatay ko d best....
Thanks for sharing. Looking forward to hearing from you.
Calamansi juice will further enhance the taste. And if you want strong pepper aroma but not the spice, put in chopped siling haba.